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  • Good Stuff to Know

    Dental health is important at all stages of life! Click on the links below to check out this "good stuff to know"!


    Good stuff for kids!


    Good stuff for teens!

    Moms & Babies

    A Healthy Mouth for Your Baby

    Before Your Baby is Born


    What you eat when you are pregnant is important. Eating right will help you and your growing baby stay healthy. Follow your doctor''s advice for eating the right foods and taking vitamins.  It's also time to think about how you'll feed your baby.  Remember, breast-feeding is best!



    Ann Talks with Maria 


    Ann talks with Maria


    "What are you doing?" asked Ann.


      Ann and her friend, Maria, were watching Maria's children play.


     "I'm cleaning my baby's teeth," said Maria.


    "But your baby hardly has any teeth!" said Ann.



     "Yes, but my dentist said there are things I can do to keep my baby from getting tooth decay," said Maria.  "But don't baby teeth just fall out?" asked Ann.  "Yes, but tooth decay can cause pain for the baby. And baby teeth hold space for adult teeth," said Maria.


    "What else did the dentist say?" asked Ann.   Ann talking to Maria: What are you doing? She told me how fluoride protects teeth. She also said to feed my baby healthy foods and not to put my baby to bed with a bottle," said Maria. 


    "When do you have to start taking care of a baby's teeth?" asked Ann.


    "As soon as they come in. Teeth can decay as soon as they appear in the mouth," said Maria.


      "I'll have to start thinking of those things soon!" laughed Ann.


    Protect Your Baby's Teeth with Fluoride


    Fluoride (said like floor-eyed ) protects teeth from tooth decay and helps heal

    early decay.  Fluoride is in the drinking water of many towns and cities.   Ask your dentist or doctor if your  water has fluoride in it. If it doesn''t, talk to your dentistor  physician about giving you a prescription for fluoride drops for your baby.



    Check and Clean Your Baby's Teeth


    check your baby''s teeth

    Check your baby's teeth

    Healthy teeth should be all one color. If you see spots or stains on the teeth, take your baby to your dentist.


    Clean your baby's teeth

    Clean your baby's gums as soon as they come in with a clean,

    soft cloth or a baby's toothbrush. Clean the teeth at least once a day.

    It's best to clean them right before bedtime.   At about age 2, most of

    your child's teeth will be in. Now you can start brushing them with

    Toothbrusha small drop of fluoride toothpaste. 


    Use a drop of toothpaste about as big as a pea.

    Young children cannot get their teeth clean by themselves. Until they

    are 7 or 8 years old, you will need to help them brush. Try brushing their teeth

    first and then letting them finish. And be sure that you put the toothpaste

    on the brush----use only a pea-sized amount of toothpaste.

    Feed Your Baby Healthy Food


    Choose foods that do not have a lot of sugar in them. Give your child fruits and vegetables instead of candy and cookies.


     Baby eating fruit



    Filling bottles with waterPrevent Baby Bottle Tooth Decay


    Do not put your baby to bed with a bottle at night or at nap time.(If you put your baby to bed with a bottle, fill it only with water.)


    Milk, formula, juices, and other sweet drinks such as soda all have sugar in them. Sucking on a bottle filled with liquids that have sugar in them can cause tooth decay.  


    Child drinks with a cupDecayed teeth can cause pain and can cost a lot to fill. During the day, do not give your baby a bottle filled with sweet drinks to use like a pacifier.  If your baby uses a pacifier, do not dip it in anything sweet like sugar or honey.  Near his first birthday, you should teach your child to drink from a cup instead of a bottle.



    Take Your Child to the Dentist


    Ask your dentist when to bring your child in for his first visit. Usually, the dentist will want to see a child by his first birthday. At this first visit, your dentist can quickly check your child's teeth.                                                                                                                                                       






    Adults & Seniors

    Periodontal Disease


    If you have been told you have periodontal (gum) disease, you're not alone. An estimated 80 percent of American adults currently have some form of the disease.

    Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. In the worst cases, teeth are lost.

    Gum disease is a threat to your oral health. Research is also pointing to possible health effects of periodontal diseases that go well beyond your mouth (more about this later). Whether it is stopped, slowed, or gets worse depends a great deal on how well you care for your teeth and gums every day, from this point forward.



    What causes periodontal disease?


    Our mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless "plaque" on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form bacteria-harboring "tartar" that brushing does not clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar.




    The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they become. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums called "gingivitis." In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that usually can be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.





    When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to "periodontitis" (which means "inflammation around the tooth.") In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form "pockets" that are infected. The body's immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body's enzymes fighting the infection actually start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. Bones, gums, and connective tissue that support the teeth can be destroyed If not treated, and the teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.


    Risk Factors


    •  Smoking. Need another reason to quit smoking? Smoking is one of the most significant risk factors associated with the development of periodontitis. Additionally, smoking can lower the chances of success of some treatments.
    •  Hormonal changes in girls/women. These changes can make gums more sensitive and make it easier for gingivitis to develop.
    •  Diabetes. People with diabetes are at higher risk for developing infections, including periodontal disease.
    •  Stress. Research shows that stress can make it more difficult for our bodies to fight infection, including periodontal disease.
    •  Medications. Some drugs, such as antidepressants and some heart medicines, can affect oral health because they lessen the flow of saliva. (Saliva has a protective effect on teeth and gums.)
    •  Illnesses. Diseases like cancer or AIDS and their treatments can also affect the health of gums.
    •  Genetic susceptibility. Some people are more prone to severe periodontal disease than others.


    Who gets periodontal disease?


    People usually do not show signs of gum disease until they are in their 30s or 40s. Men are more likely than women to have periodontal disease. Although teenagers rarely develop periodontitis, they can develop gingivitis, the milder form of gum disease. Gum disease develops most commonly, when plaque build s up along and under the gum line.


    Who gets periodontal disease?


    People usually do not show signs of gum disease until they are in their 30s or 40s. Men are more likely than women to have periodontal disease. Although teenagers rarely develop periodontitis, they can develop gingivitis, the milder form of gum disease. Gum disease develops most commonly, when plaque build s up along and under the gum line.


    What can I do to prevent gum disease?

    Here are some things you can do to prevent periodontal diseases:


    •  Brush your teeth twice a day (with a fluoride toothpaste)
    •  Floss every day
    •  Visit the dentist routinely for a check-up and professional cleaning

    •  Eat a well balanced diet
    •  Don't use tobacco


    How do I know if I have periodontal disease?


    Symptoms are often not noticeable until the disease is advanced. They include:


             •   Bad breath that won't go away

             •  Red or swollen gums

             •  Tender or bleeding gums

             •  Painful chewing

             •  Loose teeth

             •  Sensitive teeth







    Any of these symptoms may signal a serious problem and should be checked by a dentist.

    At your dental visit: The dentist will ask about your medical history to identify underlying conditions or risk factors (such as smoking) that may contribute to periodontal disease.


    •  The dentist or hygienist will examine your gums and note any signs of inflammation.

    •  The dentist or hygienist will use a tiny ruler called a 'probe' to check for periodontal pockets and to measure any pockets. In a healthy mouth, the depth of these pockets is usually between 1 and 3 millimeters.
    •  The dentist or hygienist may take an x-ray to see whether there is any bone loss.
    •  The dentist may refer you to a periodontist, a specialist who treats gum diseases.


    How is periodontal disease treated?


    The main goal of treatment is to control the infection. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. Additionally, modifying certain behaviors, such as quitting tobacco use, might also be suggested as a way to improve treatment outcome.

    Deep Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing)


    The dentist, periodontist, or dental hygienist removes the plaque through a deep-cleaning method called scaling and root planing. Scaling means scraping off the tartar from above and below the gum line. Root planing gets rid of rough spots on the tooth root where the germs gather, and helps remove bacteria that contribute to the disease.



    Medications may be used with treatment that includes scaling and root planing, but they cannot always take the place of surgery. Depending on the severity of gum disease, the dentist or periodontist may still suggest surgical treatment. Long-term studies will be needed to determine whether using medications reduces the need for surgery and whether they are effective over a long period of time. Here are some medications that are currently used:

    Medications What is it? Why is it used? How is it used?
    Prescription antimicrobial mouth rinse A prescription mouth rinse containing an antimicrobial called chlorhexidine To control bacteria when treating gingivitis and after gum surgery It's used like a regular mouthwash
    Antiseptic "chip" A tiny piece of gelatin filled with the medicine chlorhexidine To control bacteria and reduce the size of periodontal pockets After root planing, it's placed in the pockets where the medicine is slowly released over time.
    Antibiotic gel A gel that contains the antibiotic doxycycline To control bacteria and reduce the size of periodontal pockets The periodontist puts it in the pockets after scaling and root planing. The antibiotic is released slowly over a period of about seven days.
    Antibiotic micro-spheresTiny, round particles that contain the antibiotic minocycline To control bacteria and reduce the size of periodontal pockets The periodontist puts the micro-spheres into the pockets after scaling and root planing. The particles release minocycline slowly over time.
    Enzyme suppressant A low dose of the medication doxycycline that keeps destructive enzymes in check To hold back the body's enzyme response -- If not controlled, certain enzymes can break down gum tissueThis medication is in pill form. It is used in combination with scaling and root planing.





    Flap Surgery. Surgery might be necessary if inflammation and deep pockets remain following treatment with deep cleaning and medications. A periodontist may perform flap surgery to remove tartar deposits in deep pockets or to reduce the periodontal pocket and make it easier for the patient, dentist, and hygienist to keep the area clean. This common surgery involves lifting back the gums and removing the tartar. The gums are then sutured back in place so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth again.


    Bone and Tissue Grafts. In addition to flap surgery, your periodontist may suggest bone or tissue grafts. Grafting is a way to replace or encourage new growth of bone or gum tissue destroyed by periodontitis. A technique that can be used with bone grafting is called guided tissue regeneration, in which a small piece of mesh-like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to regrow.

    Since each case is different, it is not possible to predict with certainty which grafts will be successful over the long-term. Treatment results depend on many things, including severity of the disease, ability to maintain oral hygiene at home, and certain risk factors, such as smoking, which may lower the chances of success. Ask your periodontist what the level of success might be in your particular case.


    Getting a Second Opinion

    When considering any extensive dental or medical treatment options, you should think about getting a second opinion. To find a dentist or periodontist for a second opinion, call your local dental society. They can provide you with names of practitioners in your area. Additionally, dental schools may sometimes be able to offer a second opinion. Call the dental school in your area to find out whether it offers this service.


    Can periodontal disease cause health problems beyond the mouth?


    Maybe. But so far the research is inconclusive. Studies are ongoing to try to determine whether there is a cause-and-effect relationship between periodontal disease and:

    • an increased risk of heart attack or stroke,
    • an increased risk of delivering preterm, low birth weight babies,
    • difficulty controlling blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.

    In the meantime, it's a fact that controlling periodontal disease can save your teeth -- a very good reason to take care of your teeth and gums.



    • National Institutes of Health
    • Bethesda, MD 20892-2190
    • 301-496-4261